Cough and colds easily spread even during the summer months as erratic weather bring sudden downpour from time to time.
AVOID IT! Get vaccinated against influenza before the flu season begins in June. Advise those who are feeling sick to stay home and to always cover their nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing.
Sore eyes or conjunctivitis, when mistreated, can lead to blindness. More than just eye irritation, it can easily be due to harmful bacteria or viruses that easily spread to other people.
AVOID IT! Consult a doctor for proper treatment and remember to always wash your hands before and after eating to prevent spread of infection.
Vomiting and diarrhea follows after consumption of contaminated food or drinks. This summer, be cautious of street foods and even those packed lunches prepared for out-of-town trips.
AVOID IT! Be cautious on picking food to eat as everything easily spoils during hot weather.
As you cool yourself from the heat by swimming, be wary of skin diseases from dirty water, whether in beaches or pools.
AVOID IT! Take a shower before and after taking a plunge. Remember that skin diseases abound when one swims in dirty water or unmaintained public swimming pools.
Skin exposure to the sun for long periods of time can cause the skin to become irritated and burnt. Skin swelling and reddening are some of the symptoms to watch out for.
AVOID IT! Prevent sunburn by timing your outdoor activities. Avoid the sun between 10 am and 2 pm. Use sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outdoors. Hide in the shade or seek cool places to prevent ill-effects of too much sun exposure.
Prevalence of rabies rises during summer time since most people spend their vacation doing outdoor activities. Rabies infections from dog or cat bites are potentially fatal diseases.
AVOID IT! Make sure dogs are vaccinated against rabies. If you sustain dog bites, visit the animal bite center to get rabies vaccination.
Too much heat and sun exposure can lead to heat stroke. Symptoms include: fainting, nausea, disorientation, dizziness, and throbbing headache.
AVOID IT! Keep hydrated by drinking 8 to 12 glasses of water a day. And remember not to stay under the sun too long.
Source: Department of Health
Image used under Creative Commons from romaneau